Born of a tuberculine mother and an alcholic father, Campbell had a troubled and often wild youth. Then he discovered judo, which transformed his life. Although a crippling injury in the medal round of the 1964 Olympics ended his
spectacular career, the sport gave him the confidence and discipline that have contributed
to his success as a jeweler and breeder of quarterhorses.
Campbell's political career began when he won a seat on the Colorado state legislature; later he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, where he became a crusader for Native American rights. Always colorful and sometimes controversial, he led
the successful effort to rename the Custer battlefield in honor of the American indians who fought there-including his own Cheyenne ancestor, Blackhorse. In 1992, Colorado elected Campbell to the U.S. Senate, making him the first Native American in more than 6O
years to serve in that chamber of Congress.